Not everyone who applies for credit, gets credit!
The Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), enforced by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), prohibits credit discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age or because a person receives public assistance.
Creditors may ask for most of this information when necessary but they may not use it when setting the terms of credit decisions. Other factors, including income, expenses, debts and credit history are considered by lenders to determine creditworthiness. The ECOA provide protections when dealing with people and organizations like banks, financial companies, retail and department stores, credit card companies and credit unions who regularly extend credit to the public. Everyone involved in making decisions to give credit or in setting the terms of credit MUST comply with the ECOA.
Some basic provisions of The ECOA:
When applying for credit, Creditors may not…
When deciding to grant you credit or when setting the terms of credit, Creditors may not...
When evaluating your income, Creditors may not...
You also have the right to…
A Special Note to Women…
A good credit history is often necessary to get credit. This can hurt many married, separated, divorced or widowed women. There are two common reasons women do not have credit histories in their own names: either they lost their credit histories when they married and change their names, or creditors reported accounts shared by married couples in the husband’s name only.
If married, separated, divorced or widowed, contact the credit reporting agencies to verify that all relevant information in in a file under your own name. Credit reporting companies sell the information in your credit report to creditors, insurers, employers and other businesses who use it to evaluate your applications for credit, insurance, employment or renting a home.
**The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requires each of the three credit reporting companies, TransUnion, Experian and Equifax to give you a free copy of your credit report, at your request once every 12 months online via annualcreditreport.com or by phone at 877-322-8228.
If you suspect a Creditor has discriminated against you…
Denise Garrett is a financial counselor at the LDCENY and has more than 25 years experience in financial counseling and retail banking.